The Premier League and Football in England
The Premier League (officially for the sponsors “Barclays Premier League”, colloquially known as “the Premiership”) is the highest League in English football and according to UEFA five-year scoring the third strongest League in Europe.
Football is the unofficial national sport of England and plays a large role in English society. The first professional structures of football were laid here, before the sport found supporters around the world.
The Football Association
The Football Association, commonly known as the “FA”, is the dominant organization of football in England. The Football Association was founded in 1863 and is thus the oldest football association in the world. All professional English football clubs must be members of the FA and thousands of semi-professional and amateur clubs have joined in the course of time.
The Organization of the Football League, launched in 1888, was the first professional soccer league in the world. Other leagues emerged since its inception and in the recent past aimed increasingly to unite the resultant leagues pyramid structure, to allow the promotion and relegation. The motivation for this step is to provide the possibility to the rise of any club, no matter what status has the Club at a present time in the Premier League.
The League system
Top English League is the Premier League of 20 teams. Underneath is the the Football League, which is divided into three classes with 24 teams. This a total of 92 clubs are all full professional clubs. All 92 are called also League clubs, including the season 1991/1992 the Premier League as Division one was the Fourth Division of the Football League. Clubs outside this group are referred to as non-League clubs, although they play in their “own”, closed leagues.
The top tier of the “non-League”-Fußballs is the Football Conference, which includes the National Division, as well as a level including the Conference North and South as game classes with the 22 clubs. Some of these clubs have full professional status, others are semi professional. Below the Conference, some clubs are semi professional, but the majority consists of pure amateur clubs.
Below the Football Conference, there are three regional leagues which are geographically divided, but often overlap: the Northern Premier League covers the North of England. the Southern League South (South East England only), Central England and parts of Wales’, and which covers the Isthmian League to the South-East. Some of these leagues have a Premier League (with the exception of the Southern League, which has a first division, which is divided into North and South) which followed a first division.
Only the Isthmian League is the second division a third Division, which is at the same level in the structure of the League, as the highest leagues of the North West counties Football League, the Northern counties East Football League, the Northern League, the Western Football League, the Wessex League, the Sussex County Football League, the Hellenic Football League, Midland Football Alliance, the United Counties Football League , the eastern counties Football League, the Kent League, the Spartan South Midlands Football League, the combined Counties Football League and the Essex senior Football League.
Each of these leagues, features a different design of the divisions, but they all have something in common: there’s always more leagues including and they cover a smaller geographic area. In some areas, there are more than 20 levels within the so rebuilt League system. The leagues, which extend between the fifth and eleventh level, are collectively known as the National League system and are tightly controlled by the FA.
Each League has its own rules, but always follows the principle that all clubs against all other participants in the League play two games and with three points for a win, one point for a draw and no points for a defeat in a game to be considered. The table is always sorted by the number of points, with the team with the highest score at the top and the Club with the lowest number is accordingly down the table (more rules for sorting with same score vary within the leagues). There are various on – and descent rules and it is theoretically possible to climb on any level or to fall each team. However there minimum standards, such as the presence of a floodlight or a certain number of seats at the stadium, which can cause a sporty reached rise yet denied a club.